Author Note Source 1: Content extracted from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) website listed under: Programs > Indoor Air Quality Section > Indoor Mold
Molds are simple, microscopic organisms, present virtually everywhere, indoors and outdoors. Molds, along with mushrooms and yeasts, are fungi and are needed to break down dead plant and animal material and to recycle nutrients in the environment. Because molds grow by digesting organic material, they gradually destroy whatever they grow on. Molds can grow on surfaces or objects in buildings. Mold growth on surfaces can often be seen in the form of discoloration: frequently white, gray, brown, or black but also green and other colors. They may be visible or, if inside walls or building structures, not visible to you.
For molds to grow and reproduce, they need only a food source – any organic matter, such as leaves, wood, paper, or dust and moisture, which does not have to be liquid water but can be just a damp material or surface. Because organic matter is always available, moisture or dampness in buildings is thus the limiting factor determining whether mold can grow. Molds can usually grow whenever enough moisture is available.
Molds release tiny spores and even smaller particles that travel through the air. Everyone inhales some mold every day without apparent harm; however, molds can cause allergy, irritation or inflammation, or rarely, infection. Allergic reactions are the most well-recognized responses to inhaling mold spores, and some people are more sensitive to the effects of dampness mold. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that individuals not sensitized to mold may experience health effects.
We know that dampness and mold cause health effects both in allergic and non-allergic people. If you can see mold, water damage, or moisture, or smell mold, there is at least some increased health risk. The more extensive or severe the dampness and mold, the greater the risk of health effects. We do not know whether specific types of mold are responsible, or whether bacteria or chemical emissions related to dampness also cause some of the health problems.
The health effects consistently associated with indoor dampness and molds include:
Dampness in your home living spaces has long been listed as a condition making a home substandard to a code inspector. As of January 1, 2016, mold is also a condition that makes a home substandard. The owner of a rental property cited as by a local (city or county) code inspector substandard is required to repair the substandard condition.
The California Department of Consumer Affairs provides advice for tenants on mold issues in “California Tenants – A Guide to Residential Tenants’ and Landlords’ Rights and Responsibilities”:
… the presence of mold conditions in the rental unit that affect the livability of the unit or the health and safety of tenants" may be a way in which the implied habitability of a unit is violated and that a tenant may be able to claim a breach of the implied warranty on the basis of documented contamination.
Author Note Source 2: Content extracted from Mold Blogger – Symptoms of Household Mold Exposure. Content has been modified to be specific for mobile homes.
When a person feels ill they may not immediately consider the cause to be mold. Mold can and does cause serious health problems in many people. If you realize that you suffer from several or all of these symptoms below on a regular basis, it is advisable that you inspect your mobile home for mold. It is also wise to track how your symptoms occur.
If you leave your mobile home each day to work and notice that you feel better during the day, this can be a clear indicator that something in your mobile home is causing your distress. The same can be said if you travel and find yourself in better health then. Your mobile home shouldn’t make you sick – finding and treating the mold problem will ensure that doesn’t happen.
Exposure to mold has several symptoms including, but not limited to:
Owned by a Kort & Scott company and managed by Sierra Corporate Management.
Recent examples of standing water affecting mobile homes. Due to the park owner’s failure to maintain the park, the depressions in roadways, the sinking of mobile homes, have all led to standing water issues throughout the park. Many mobile home owners have standing water under their mobile homes which leads to mold and rot if not remediated immediately and properly.
In Mar 2016, the Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) violated Sierra Corporate Management and 174 of the 182 lots in Friendly Village Mobile Home Park.
G/O-2 There are many depressions on roadways in which water accumulates throughout mobile home park. This is in violation of T25CCR Section 1116 (a) (d). The park area and park roadways shall be so graded that there will be no depressions in which surface water will accumulate and remain for a period of time that would constitute a health and safety violation as determined by the enforcement agency. The ground shall be sloped to provide storm drainage run–off by means of surface or subsurface drainage facility.
G/O-3 There are total 182 lots in Friendly Village MHP however 174 lots are not graded to prevent the migration of water to the underfloor area of the units, the following 8 lots are graded correctly: #37, #163, #180, #181, #179, #178, #177, and #174. This is in violation of T25CCR Section 1116 (b) (d). The drainage from a lot, site, roadway or park area shall be directed to a surface or subsurface drainage way and shall not drain onto an adjacent lot, or site.
Moreover, in the unlawful detainer defense, tenants in "untenantable" units may choose not to pay rent (or withhold part of their rent) and raise breach of the warranty of habitability as an affirmative defense to an unlawful detainer for nonpayment of rent. See California Practice Guide, Landlord-Tenant, 3:80 (The Rutter Group 2016) (referencing Green v. Superior Court (Sumski) (1974) 10 Cal.3d 616, 635;).